OTEL & STUDENT CONTAINER
Container architecture is a form of architecture using steel intermodal containers as structural element. It is also referred to as cargotecture, a portmanteau of cargo with architecture.The use of containers as a building material has grown in popularity of the past several years due to their inherent strength, wide availability, and relatively low expense. Homes have also been built with containers because they are seen as more eco-friendly than traditional building materials such as brick and cement.
Advantages;Strength and durability,containers are in many ways an ideal building material. They are designed to carry heavy loads and to be stacked in high columns. They are also designed to resist harsh environments, due to their high strength, containers may be adapted for secure storage.
Modular;All containers are the same width and most have two standard height and length measurements and as such they provide modular elements that can be combined into larger structures. This simplifies design, planning and transport. As they are already designed to interlock for ease
of mobility during transportation, structural construction is completed by simply emplacing them. Due to the containers’ modular design additional construction is as easy as stacking more containers. They can be stacked up to 12 high when empty.
Labor;The welding and cutting of steel is considered to be specialized labor and can increase construction expenses, yet overall it is still lower than conventional construction. Unlike wood frame construction, attachments must be welded or drilled to the outer skin, which is more time consuming and requires different job site equipment. Transport;Pre-fabricated modules can also be easily transported by ship, truck or rail, because they already conform to standard shipping sizes. Availability;Used shipping containers are available across the globe.
Expense;Many used containers are available at an amount that is low compared to a finished structure built by other labor-intensive means such as bricks and mortar —which also require larger more expensive foundations. Construction involves very little labor and used containers requiring only simple modification can be purchased from major transport companies. Foundations;Containers are designed to be supported by their four corners making a very simple foundation possible. As well the top four corners are very strong as they are intended to support a stack of other containers.
Eco-Friendly;A 40ft container weights over 1,500KG. When upcycling shipping containers, thousands of kilograms of steel are saved. In addition when building with containers, the amount of traditional building materials needed (i.e. bricks and cement) are reduced.